Year 4

Mathematics in Year 4


Number and Place Value
  • Count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1,000
  • Count backwards, including using negative numbers
  • Recognise the place value in numbers of four digits (1000s, 100s, 10s and 1s)
  • Put larger numbers in order, including those greater than 1,000
  • Round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1,000
  • Read Roman numbers up to 100


  • Use the standard method of column addition and subtraction for values up to four digits
  • Solve two-step problems involving addition and subtraction
  • Know the multiplication and division facts up to 12 x 12 = 144
  • Use knowledge of place value, and multiplication and division facts to solve larger calculations
  • Use factor pairs to solve mental calculations, e.g. knowing that 9 x 7 is the same as 3 x 3 x 7
  • Use the standard short multiplication method to multiply three-digit numbers by two- digit numbers


  • Use hundredths, including counting in hundredths
  • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator
  • Find the decimal value of any number of tenths or hundredths
  • recognise and write decimal equivalents to ¼, ½, ¾
  • Divide one- or two-digit numbers by 10 or 100 to give decimal answers
  • Round decimals to the nearest whole number
  • Compare the size of numbers with up to two decimal places



  • Convert between different measures, such as kilometres to metres or hours to minutes
  • Calculate the perimeter of shapes made of squares and rectangles
  • Find the area of rectangular shapes by counting squares
  • Read, write and convert times between analogue and digital clocks, including 24- hour clocks
  • Solve problems that involve converting amounts of time, including minutes, hours, days, weeks and months
Shape and Position
  • Classify groups of shapes according to the properties, such as sides and angles
  • Identify acute and obtuse angles
  • Complete a simple symmetrical figure by drawing the reflected shape
  • Use coordinates to describe the position of something on a standard grid
  • Begin to describe movements on a grid by using left/right and up/down measures



Graphs and Data
  • Construct and understand simple graphs using discrete and continuous data